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Essential Ice Hockey Rules that all Players should pay attention to

Ice Hockey Rules

Once you understand a few fundamental rules and techniques, the world’s best and most thrilling game becomes simple to follow. Here’s a quick rundown of the most important ice hockey regulations!

The goal of the ice hockey game

Simply put, the purpose of ice hockey is to earn more goals than your opponent by getting the puck into their net. A goal is only scored when the puck crosses the goal line completely. Because kicking the puck past the line or volley it in is prohibited, players must score by hitting the puck with their stick while it is in touch with the ice. Deflections off other participants, including the goalie (sometimes known as the goaltender), are allowed as legitimate goals.

What is the average length of an ice hockey gamer?

Three 20-minute segments comprise each match. Every time the game comes to a halt, the clock is reset, making every second count.

Hockey squads

Each team should have a maximum of 20 players, including two goaltenders, on the rink at any given time, but only six players from each squad can be on the ice at once. At any time throughout the game, substitutions can be done.

During ice hockey games, the zones of play are defined.

A sequence of red and blue streaks runs across the surface of the ice. The red (center) line splits the ice into two halves, while the blue lines divide it into three equal ‘zones’: defensive, neutral, and attacking.

Placing your hand on the puck and closing it

Any player that catches a puck, excluding the goalkeeper, must immediately knock or place it back on the ice. A two-minute minor will be imposed for any breach of this rule.


During the faceoff, only two participants are permitted inside the circle. The cause of the last play stoppage determines the location of the faceoff.

Delay in the game

A two minor foul for game delay will be applied to the following actions:

Shooting or hitting the puck outside of the playing area on purpose

Displacement of the goal from its natural location on purpose

After receiving a caution from an official, failing to supply the required number of players on the ice surface, or making an unlawful replacement

Using a high-stick to play the puck

Play will be stopped, and a faceoff will be held if an opponent bats a puck out of the air with a stick higher than shoulder height. A goal scored by a puck that collided with a stick that was higher than the goal crossbar is denied.

Putting ice on the puck

When a player on his group’s side of the red center line plays the puck down the rink and passes the red goal line at any moment, it is referred to as icing (other than the goal). When clubs are at equal strength or on the power play, icing is not allowed.

Play is halted, and the puck is moved to the opposite end of the ice for a face-off in the offending team’s zone.

Even if the goalkeeper does not touch the puck, he exits the area to play the puck.

If a referee decides that the puck might have been played by an opposition player before it passed the red goal line,

If an officer believes there was an attempted pass, he may dismiss the icing call.


Any member of the offensive team who advances the puck over the defensive team’s blue line is considered offside. The location of the player’s skate, not his stick, is what determines the outcome.

The gamer is offside if both skates are above the blue line before the puck. He’s onside if he only has one skate over the blue line and one on it.


A five-minute unexpected extra session will be played if a regular-season game concludes with a tie score. If the match is still tied after the completion of overtime, the match will be decided by a shootout. There will be no shootouts in the playoffs, and extra sessions will be 20 minutes long.


At the discretion of the authorities, players that break the rules of the game may be penalized. There are three types of penalties: minor, major, and misconduct.

Players must serve two minutes in the penalty area for a minor penalty while their side is short-handed. If the other club scores while on the power play, a minor penalty will be served. A player must spend five minutes in the penalty box for a major penalty, which only expires at the conclusion of that period—penalties for misbehavior range in duration.

Shots from the penalty box

A penalty shot is given when a participant is dragged down from behind on a breakaway scoring chance or when the net is purposefully disturbed by an opposition goalkeeper or defenseman.

Power play

Because one person is serving a penalty, one side has more people on the ice than the other.


A shootout will take place if a regular-season game ends in a draw after overtime play. A shootout is a series of penalty shots in which each side is given three alternate chances to score. If the teams are still tied after three tries, the shootout will alternate shots until one team misses to equal the other’s effort. One goal will be given to the scorer of the shootout.

In ice hockey, there is a lot of physical contact.

Because of the many-body hits and other physical contacts that happen on the ice, ice hockey has developed a reputation as an intense game at the elite level — but it’s not a free-for-all where participants can do anything they want. Contact from the side and front is permitted, but purposeful checking (slowing or impeding a rival) from behind will almost always result in a foul.

Elbowing, pushing, high stick use, and checking a rival with the shaft of the stick are all prohibited, as are tripping rivals and aggressively pushing players to contact the rink’s walls.







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